Peat: types and use

Peat: types and use

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There peat, found in very wet and oxygen-deficient soils, is a compound of plant and animal remains that cannot completely decompose.

Under some conditions, peat, being an early stage of carbonization, can transform into lignite coal over millions of years.

Peat: degree of decomposition

The degree of decomposition of peat is measured with theVon Post index which includes limited values ​​in the numerical range H1; H10.

This index allows you to distinguish the various types of peat.

Types of peat

Peat is classified into four types, the first is defined as young peat and is the least decomposed and richest in water.

Next we have old and black peat which turns out to be quite decomposed, blonde peat has an H2 - H4 index and has medium decomposition and finally you can find brown peat which has an H3 - H6 index, with medium to high decomposition.

White sphagnum peat

The blonde sphagnum peat is the best type to prepare the soil in the best way.

The blond sphagnum peat is very light yellow in color and owes its name to the sphagnum, the moss from which it is formed.

If over time you see that the color of the sphagnum peat darkens, rest assured, it is absolutely normal.

The color should only be evaluated at the time of purchase to avoid taking types of peat with a low degree of acidity and very decomposed.

Black peat

The black peat is very soft and rich in humus, it is perfect for creating a substrate for the soils of the plants that will have to be subsequently transplanted.

Black peat is also perfect for aquariums.

Organic peat

The biological peat unlike the others enjoy the guarantee from the laboratories, this is because the peat, even if biological by nature, could be found in adjacent areas of industrial areas.

In case you are interested in buying peat for your gardening, I point out the peat in discs available on Amazon with excellent reviews.

Coconut peat

One of the main ones substitutes for the classic peat and the coconut peat, which produces a fine, soft soil for your plants.

It is suitable for sowing or cultivation making the roots and shoots very strong.

Coconut peat is very useful for aerating the soil thus allowing your plants to facilitate the absorption of nutrients, it is also excellent for counteracting the formation of mold.

If you are interested in buying coconut peat for your seedlings, you can find it following this link.

Peat for the aquarium

There peat it is not only used in gardening but also in aquariums. In fact, thanks to the release of weak acids it is very useful to acidify the water in a natural way.

In addition to acidifying the water, the use of peat in aquariums is very useful to avoid the development of fungi, bacteria and algae.

The advice I give you to use peat in your aquarium is to put it in a special bag so as to allow it to be crossed by the water.

In case there are already fish in your aquarium, I advise you to insert the peat slowly in 2 or 3 steps.

Peat is best placed in the aquarium after filling it to avoid affecting the acidification phase.

How risky is it for your fish to insert peat into the aquarium? Are there any precautions to take?

It is very important not to create changes in acidity inside the tank, a great way to see if we are exaggerating is to see the color of the water.

As the intensity of the yellowish color increases, the acidity of the water in the tank increases: as mentioned above, it is always better to gradually insert the peat into your aquarium.

If you are interested in buying good aquarium peat you can find it on Amazon following this link.

Video: Documentary: Wise Use of Peatlands (May 2022).