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Cat toxoplasmosis

Cat toxoplasmosis


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Theretoxoplasmosisit is a disease that makes pregnant women "shiver". It's azoonoseswhich can be transmitted from cats to humans. Here's what you should know about thecat toxoplasmosis, what are the symptoms and what you can do.

Betweenzoonoses (diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans), toxoplasmosis and salmonellosis are undoubtedly the most common. We often hear about diseases transmitted by cats but much less about psittacosis or ornithosis, that is, diseases transmitted to humans by exotic birds such as parrots or canaries. This trend comes as no surprise: dogs and cats are undoubtedly the most popular pets!

Toxoplasma

Toxoplasmosis is caused by a protozoan known asToxoplasma gondii.

Cat toxoplasmosis

How do you get toxoplasmosis?
If your cat has caught toxoplasmosis and you are wondering how he got it, know that cats, in general, become infected by eating mice, birds or other small wild prey that already contain the parasite inside the body.

In practice, the cat contracts toxoplasmosis by eating an infected prey.

Theretoxoplasmosis in catsit must be treated after consultation with the veterinarian. The infected cat, in fact, must be treated but not because his health is at risk but because he can become a vector of the disease.

Contagion: toxolplasmosis in humans

Theretoxoplasmosisit can be transmitted from cats to humans. In a grown man, thetoxoplasmosisdoes not cause symptomsworrying, but during thepregnancy, this zoonosis can cause damage to the developing fetus up to causing fetal malformations.

While toxoplasmosis can scare a pregnant woman, it is important to say that cats should not be demonized. During pregnancy a woman, to stay safe, can take small precautions so as to know the problem and lower the risk of contagion.

We have explained to you how cats can get toxoplasmosis, but how does toxoplasma get to humans?

The cat, through its feces, releases oocysts (a sort of "toxoplasma eggs), which, after a few days of maturation, can becomecontagious to humans in case of ingestion.

If humans come into contact with the cat's litter box and then handle food, it can move the oocysts from the litter box to food. Contaminated food, once ingested, can causetoxoplasmosis in humans.

Another possible scenario does not concern the litter. If the cat plays in the garden and does his business in the garden, he can deposit the oocysts on the crop which, if not well washed, is contaminated and can cause infection by ingestion.

Theretoxoplasmosisit can also be transmitted through any contaminated food kept in precarious hygienic conditions. We cannot tell you "what not to eat" or "which foods to avoid" because everything depends on the conservation status of the foods in question. Generally, the foods most at risk are sausages processed in precarious hygienic conditions and unwashed vegetables.

Toxoplasmosis: symptoms in cats and humans

THEsymptoms of toxoplasmosis in catsthey are generallyinvisible. The cat, in fact, can live with the protozoan without showing great suffering. A few symptoms may include mild diarrhea. Thetoxoplasma is not dangerous for the cat unless it is a newborn or elderly feline, that is, with a weak immune system. In these cases (i.e. in an older cat or small kitten), the symptoms can be:

  • Inflammation of the eyes
  • Diarrhea
  • Temperature
  • Respiratory problems

The speech is not very different for man. In adult and healthy men, thetoxoplasmadoes not causesymptomsstriking. As stated, thetoxoplasmosisit is a serious problem exclusively inpregnancyor in the case of diseases that cause a depression of the immune system (HIV, leukemia, some cancers) or in the case of chemo therapy.

How to know if my cat has toxoplasmosis?

Theretoxoplasmosisit can be diagnosed with a laboratory test. The diagnosis is based on the analysis of the cat's feces.

If the cat is positive for toxoplasma it is important to monitor the cat's health. If the cat is young, the vet may advise against therapy, however if a pregnant woman is in the house, it is important to follow a treatment. Treatment is equally important in the case of an older cat or small kittens.

How to know if i have toxoplasmosis?

If your cat has tested positive for the toxoplasma protozoan and you are concerned that you have contracted toxoplasmosis, you can refute any suspicion with a simple blood test. In human blood, in fact, the protozoan causes the production of particular antibodies that remain in the circulation.



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