Among blood tests the most common figure isuricemia, refers to the concentrations ofuric acidin the blood. Let's see what it means when the values of uric acidsthey are low or high. Related symptoms and diseases.
What to do in case of low uricaemia, symptoms and correlations with diseases. How uric acid values change in pregnancy.
Uric acid: what it is
L'uric acid it is a waste substance of our cellular metabolism. Most of this substance is eliminated through the kidneys and excreted with urine, a small percentage is conveyed to the gastrointestinal system and then excreted at a later time. If this is not done efficiently, the uric acid rate in the blood rises and is talked abouthyperuricemiaorhigh uricemia.
Normal values ofuricemia they are between 2.5 and 6.0 mg / dL in males and between 1.5 and 5.5 mg / dL in women. The maximum limit of 7.0 mg / dL is important, because at this concentration saturation occurs and the precipitation of crystals typical of gout becomes possible.
High uric acid. Normally one has uricemiaslightly morehigh during menstruation. Nutrition can also affect the levels ofuric acid in the blood, L'uricemiaincreases following a diet rich in purines.
Causes that induce higher than normal uric acid values:
- drug therapies with diuretics,
- diabetes mellitus,
- renal failure (in conjunction with high albumin),
- leukemia (in association with low fibrinogen),
- Hodgkin's disease,
Under physiological conditions, uric acid in the blood decreases during puberty. Let's see in what other cases the values ofuric acid in the bloodthey lower.
THE symptoms, in case of low uricaemia, they are generally not relevant. Only in the most acute forms can they arise symptomssuch as loss of energy, loss of appetite, nausea and fever.
If your blood tests showed values oflow uricaemia, know that this parameter alone does not tell you much about your health. Thecausesof hypouricemia are multiple and also quite disparate. It is for this reason that, in the case oflow uricaemiait is of fundamental importance to contact your doctor to seek a diagnosis.
Generalizing, low uricemia is associated with:
- Wilson's disease
- Celiac disease or celiac disease
- Fanconi syndrome
- Taking certain medications
For example, if you have diabetes and are getting the wrong dose of insulin (because you are taking too much), it could cause your blood uric acid levels to drop. The other drugs they causehypouricemiaare: steroids, taking non-cortisone anti-inflammatory drugs, antifungal drugs.
Just as the power supply can cause an increase inuric acids in the blood, by choosing the wrong foods you can end up in the exact opposite and trigger a condition oflow uricaemia.
Although low uric acid can be associated with various diseases, the main cause is generally nutrition. When blood uric acid levels drop, the cause can be linked to prolonged fasting or a monotonous diet, given by foods low in purines.
Among the purine-rich foods that can help you increaseuric acid valueswe point out the meats. Other factors fromcureto maintain a state of good health are:
- Get closer to your target weight
- Maintain a stable weight
- Follow a balanced diet
- Ensure the right hydration to your body so as to improve kidney function
- Avoid monotonous eating
- Limit the excessive use of over-the-counter or self-prescribed drugs
Foods that contain purines, useful for increasing uric acid values, are:
- Anchovies and anchovies
- Sardines, herring
These same foods should be avoided in case ofhyperuricemia(high uricaemia).
Low uricemia in pregnancy
The normal reference ranges used by laboratories cannot be used during pregnancy. Physiology changes a lot during pregnancy. In case of a blood test, tell the clinic your status pregnancyand ask to attach, to your report, the intervals ofnormal valuesdetectable during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, uric acid values can drop a little: this is an absolutely normal condition. Similarly, always in pregnancy, low levels of creatinine and elevated levels of fibrinogen. These levels are "high"If compared with the standard reference values, but completely normal if we refer to the standardizations provided for women in pregnancy.