Orchids in the house, careand tips for growing orchids in pots. From repotting to irrigation, from fertilization to exposure. The easiest varieties to grow at home and the care to be given to the plant if the orchid does not bloom.
Before attempting to purchase one orchid plant It is good to know that if you have a house facing north, therefore poorly lit, it is better to desist! The orchid needs to be exposed, at least partially, to sunlight throughout the year. We will show you below how to care for orchids at home following some important indications.
How to care for orchids at home
The orchids have always represented the element that characterizes a classy environment. As with all flowering plants, even the orchids they need details care to prevent them from drying out. Without forgetting that care for orchids at home becomes more complicated: they undergo strong thermal excursions, especially in winter, due to the radiators.
Place the orchid plant in a sunny room facing south, south-west or south-east, taking care to avoid direct exposure to sunlight.
Be careful not to expose them to direct heat sources, as they could dry out the roots, which are generally exposed to the air.
Orchid watering in pots
Do not water the plant too much, you need to water them little and often otherwise the roots could rot easily: to know the amount of water that is needed, just touch the ground and see if it is wet, if it already is, as often happens in winter. , it does not need to be watered
Do not use the watering can but spray water with a diffuser around the pot; the ideal would be to use rainwater: the chlorine contained in tap water is the worst enemy of orchids. To irrigate the orchid you cannot use hard water (with limestone, such as tap water), you must use neutral water (pH 7 reaction) or slightly acidic water.
Make sure the plant is not attacked by parasites: to always have the situation under control, carefully clean the leaves every day: the dust clogs the leaves, slowing down photosynthesis and exposes theorchidto a large number of illnesses.
If the orchid has yellow leaves, you are probably doing something wrong with the fertilizer or with the reaction of the soil (and therefore with the irrigation). To irrigate the orchid with yellow leaves you can use the water from the conditioner.
Orchid with yellow or crumpled leaves
We have already anticipated that among theillnessesaffecting theorchidsgrown at home there are those borne by the leaves. What to do if the orchid has yellow leaves?
- If you notice yellowed orchid leavesplaced on the side of the window, it means that the orchid receives too strong solar radiation, so move them.
- If the yellowed orchid leaves they grow everywhere, you are using calcareous water to irrigate it, so start using neutral water or rainwater.
- If the orchid leaves crumple and no buds are formed, it means that the light is too little. The crumpled leaves indicate low light.
- In case of orchid with spotted leaves and flowers pay attention to temperatures and fungal diseases.
If on orchid leavesspots appear (often spots also appear on flowers), it means that the plant is suffering from low temperatures, move the plant to a warmer area. L'phalenopsis orchid, the one most grown indoors, does not thrive well in temperatures below 20 ° C.
Orchid: growing in pots
It is true, however cultivate the orchid you can use any vase, from terracotta to synthetic materials… however, use atransparent vasefacilitates the development of the root system. The roots of theorchidscultivated, they need light because like the leaves they carry out photosynthesis.
A transparent vase will also allow you to observe the root system and notice any rotten or dry roots. If the leaves fall, the roots are likely rotting or drying out.
Orchid with dried flowers
If the flowers wither, you don't have to cut them: the withered flowers are left on the same plant until they fall spontaneously.
Fertilizer for orchids
In the vegetative phase, when theorchid in potshow the leaves first and then the flowers, help the plant with a specific liquid nourishment, preferably in a vial because it is easier to manage. Just cut off the cap and insert a vial with the tip covered in the ground. The ready-to-use fertilizer in vials is ideal for cultivated orchids in the home environment.
Among the various products on the market we point out theliquid fertilizer for orchids drop by dropfor its excellent quality / price / duration ratio: each vial releases all the elements necessary for the plant for 15 days, one pack contains 12 vials. On Amazon this product is offered at a price of about 16 euros for two packs (24 vials that will provide nourishment to yours orchids in the housefor one year).
The fertilizer is essential especially for aorchid without flowersor that does not bloom again. In this context, in addition to the fertilizer it will be necessary to check that the plant is kept at the right exposure. The care I'm all forfloweringof a plant!
You may also be interested in our article: Liquid fertilizer for orchids drop by drop.
Orchid: multiplication and repotting
Betweencareto be dedicated to this plant is therepottingand, whoever wishes, themultiplicationto obtain, from a mother plant, several daughter plants.
At the time ofrepotting the orchidit is possible to proceed with the division of the tufts, in practice from the old orchid plant you are growing you can get two or three!
How to repot and multiply the orchid?
The first thing to do is to irrigate the substrate abundantly and extract the plant from the pot by lifting it gently.
Eliminate the old brown colored basal leaves.
For the division, use a sterilized knife with a wide blade with which you will divide the root system in the point chosen for the division of the aerial part.
Remove some of the old soil, any dry roots and prepare a new pot.
For transplanting, fill the bottom of the pot with gravel (drainage layer) and fill the remaining depth with specially fertilized soil.
Place the plants obtained in the new pots, taking care to cover the roots up to the collar. to cover the roots, use a mixture of sfangno (moss) and osmunto (fern roots), alternatively you can use pine or fir bark. Do not lay the soil yet because during the following days the level will tend to drop and you will have to top up over and over again.
Carefully arrange the roots oforchid in pot,the new vase will have to give 5 cm more diameter than the previous container. With a carefully performed repotting, you will have to wait to transplant the orchid again for another 4 or 5 years.
In the language of flowers, the orchid is a symbol of elegance and beauty. In the language of flowers, the orchid can represent a special thanks for the concession of love.
Orchid in a dream
What does it mean to dream of an orchid? As the expert Ana Maria Sepe explains, dreaming of an orchid has a lot to do with the emotional sphere. Those who dream of orchids are in fact wondering about their affections and in particular they may wonder if they are reciprocated in love or if they are loved enough.
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