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Tropical marine aquarium: how to get started for set up a complete and stable marine aquarium. Solutions for every budget.
How to start a tropical marine aquarium?With a lot of patience and above all without making hasty purchases. Know the rules for set up a marine aquarium, what you read in the forums and in the various industry sites, were dictated by the market and not by common sense and by the knowledge of the needs of the various animals you are going to host. What does it mean? That a good marine aquarium might be cheaper than you think.
For thepreparationof a tropical marine aquariumyou definitely need:
- A tank (you can also use the old tank of the sweet aquarium)
- Of the lights (buy good led light, it gives you less maintenance problems and consumes less)
- A filter
- A skimmer or skimmer
- A heater
- Movement pumps
- A stable support where to place the aquarium and where to get the space for the sump or the filter housing
Then there are other useful elements such as:
- Coral sand or an aragonite substrate
- Live rocks
- Resins to be inserted in the filter
- Sump (optional)
Know that there are many people who forsetting up a tropical marine aquariumcompletely renounce the skimmer, but I advise you to use it, indeed, I recommend that you buy a very good one as explained in the article onhow to choose a skimmer.
For the maintenance of the marine aquarium you will need:
- Refractometer (to test the salinity of the water)
- PH test
- Nitrate and nitrite test
- Phosphate test
- KH test
- Magnesium test
- Calcium test
I tell you right away that the refractometer is necessary as well as the pH test. You can do without the other tests if you do not intend to breed extremely demanding corals and if you commit yourself to periodic water changes.
Yes, one thing that not everyone knows is that, even if you install filters and skimmers, water changes must be made. The reason?
- To keep the tub clean
- To compensate for the salts absorbed by corals (calcium, magnesium, strontium ...)
And if you decide to breed sps hard corals, the tests for nitrates, phosphates and nitrites are mandatory, as well as the contributions of magnesium, iodine, strontium and calcium. So you'll have to buy these items too.
Tropical marine aquarium: how to get started
Start by reading up on the coral and fish species you want to introduce into the tank. If you have a clear idea of what you want to breed, it will become easier to weigh up the initial expense.
For example, soft corals are very easy to keep and do not need extremely clean water, so that if you do periodic replacements you will not even need to do nitrate and nitrite tests.
On the contrary, if you want to breed sps hard corals such as acropora (carolinian acropora and other deep water acropora which are the most demanding) you need careful monitoring of the water.
If your attention is not so much focused on corals, as on fish, you are at a great point! canstart setting up a marine aquariumreally with little. Take a look at the article Easy fish for marine aquarium.
In the early stages, you will also have to decide whether you intend to do amarine aquarium without sumpor with the sump.
What is the sump? It is an additional tank that plays the role of a filter. The skimmer (skimmer) and various types of filter materials (resins, sponges, matrix ...) are inserted in this tank. The sump is very convenient but it is not mandatory. If you have to choose the sump you will have to buy a return pump.
How does the sump work?
In practice, the aquarium has a main tank connected by a fitting (descent pump) to a secondary tank (called sump) in which the foamer and other filter materials are placed. Once the water reaches the sump it is "cleaned" and returned to the main tank by the return pump. To learn more about maintaining this component: how to clean the sump.
The sump is convenient because it generally has a separate tank to be filled with osmosis water. Your aquarium, in fact, will be subject to constant evaporation and you will need to monitor the water level by topping up. Top-ups can also be daily in summer, if the aquarium is placed in a very dry environment. Top-ups must be done with osmosis water in order to avoid a peak in salinity (which you will have to monitor with a refractometer).
Tropical marine aquarium: setup
I'm sure you will have confused ideas now but don't worry. You can proceed step by step to set up a tropical marine aquarium.
Purchase the basic components as described in the article "marine aquarium: how to get started”And then wait for the maturation time of the tank. Many aquarists recommend a waiting period of around 40 days. Also I advise not to be in a hurry and to take into account that, as soon as you introduce the first living beings in the tank, you will be able to meet an algal boom.
To shorten the maturation time of the tank under construction, you can use special programs such as Red Sea Reef Mature Pro. This kit allows you to obtain a complete maturation of the tank in 21 days. It is designed for marine aquariums of 100 liters, so if your tank is 200 liters, you will need to buy two packs. By reading the instructions contained in the package, you will already be able to get an idea of what standard maintenance is.
Why do I recommend this product? Because it contains bioconditioners useful for promoting the growth of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria (which you will then use later, like the bottle with NO3 - PO4 - X written on it that will keep your phosphate and nitrate levels to a minimum) and also a supplement that you it will help to develop coralline algae on live rocks (Coralline Grow), acting on the kH (you will also use this in the future if you decide to introduce hard corals into the tank).
For all information on the product useful for aquarium maturation, I refer you to the Amazon page: Red Sea Rs Reef Mature Pro Kit.
In the photo above, the corner of one of mine tropical marine aquariums, in the second photo my yellow surgeonfish.
If you were expecting an article onpreparation understood as the commercial hoarding of the various components, I invite you to read:marine aquarium: how to get started. On this page I wanted to give you a general overview to make you understand what awaited you after thepreparation, between maintenance and constant monitoring of the tank.