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How to keep one montipora in the aquarium. General and specific advice for the most widespread species (Montipora foliosa, montipora digitata…). Ideal parameters of water and food for corals.
Acropore, montipore, astreoporeis stiloporeare three large groupings ofhard corals sps, i.e. short polyp stony corals. In the scale of "ease" of maintenance in the tank, it is commonplace to think of a hierarchy that sees:
- soft corals
- hard corals lps
- hard corals sps
If you think so too, know that there are many flaws in this "overview" that they have told you. There are soft corals that can be introduced into large, well-mature tanks maintained by "more experienced" people, just as there arehard corals lpsvery delicate and demanding. Most ofhard corals spshe wants special attention in terms of water quality and light but there are alsospsmore adaptable! In short, not all acropora are as difficult to breed as the Carolinian acropora, just as there are manyeasy moniporeto keep in the aquarium.
Montipora in the aquarium
Themontipora genusbelongs to the familyAcroporidae, orderScleractinia. For a whiletaxonomyI refer you to the official classification:
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Cnidaria
- Class: Anthozoa
- Subclass: hexacorallia
- ORDER: Scleractinia
- Family: Acroporidae
- Genus: Montipora
This genus groups a large number ofphotosynthetic corals, some very similar to the sameAcropore. Like the acropora, also the species of the genusMontiporathey need excellent water movement and excellent lighting. Lighting is crucial to allow themontiporato maintain its individual coloring. When you buy onemontiporaask the seller how long he has kept it in the tub and in what lighting conditions it is kept. Generally themoniporethey are kept in tanks with neon light, if you have an LED light in the house, better if you start a slow light acclimatization by setting the animal first in the lower part of the aquarium, in a dimly lit place, and then moving it gradually towards a brighter light condition.
If you typed on search engines"Montipora card"Know that beyond the taxonomic classification it is impossible to give you onecardgeneral valid for each species. Any kind ofmontiporahas its own special needs. For water parameters, in general, this lemonyporethey need to:
- Calcium between 380 - 430 mg / l
- Alkalinity: 2.5 - 3 meq / l (i.e. of a kh between 7 and 8.4)
- Phosphates: <0.05 mg / l
- Magnesium: about 1350 mg / l
- Strontium: 8-10 mg / l
- pH: 8 - 8.4
- Hardness: 1.023 - 1.025
The parameters just indicated are the ideal ones for anymontipora. Going more specifically, let's see the most common:
- Montipora foliosa
- Montipora digitata
- Montipora capricornis
Montipora digitata: card
Origins: widespread in much of the Pacific Ocean
Habitat: it lives in lagoon reefs at very shallow depths, between 1 - 5 meters.
Thismontipora in the aquariumit must be kept well spaced from other corals because it is particularly defenseless, it can also be damaged by non-aggressive corals. It requires good water movement. Even if it is onemontipora(therefore it can be supported by photosynthesis) I recommend the use of planktonic elements or coral food to promote faster growth and improve maintenance.
Although it lives in rather shallow waters, it can also adapt to less bright areas of the aquarium. You must know, however, that placing it in dim areas could lose the brilliance of its colors.
Origins: widespread throughout the Pacific Ocean
Habitat: protected slopes of the coral reef, at depths between 2 and 20 meters.
Like most ofmonypore, also theremontipora foliosait is defenseless and should NOT be kept in contact with other corals, especially if they arehard corals lps.
As for themontipora digitata, even for the speciesfoliosait is recommended to introduce planktonic foods or nutrients for hard corals into the tank that can support their growth.
Which coral foods to choose?
On the market you can find a wide choice, all hard coral foods are more or less valid. The only contraindication you can find is their bad smell: yes, liquid coral foods stink and tend to pollute the tank and raise nitrate levels. For this reason, more than a planktonic mixture I recommend you to use a mixture of micronutrients specially formulated for the nourishment of corals. Also in this direction on the market you will find several products, among others, I would like to recommend Red Sea coral food A + B Reef Energy.
Where to find it? In specialized stores, or by taking advantage of online sales where 2 bottles (one called A and one called B) can be bought at a price of 19.70 euros with free shipping costs. For the dosage, stick to what you read on the label but don't forget how populated your tank is… If you have any doubts, one ml less is better than one more! So try not to overdo it…!
For all the info on the product, I refer you to the official Amazon page: “Red Sea Reef Energy A + B“.
In the photo above, oneMontipora capricornis, it must be kept in the lower part of the aquarium but always on a rocky base. For the maintenance the same applies as for the previous species.
If you searchhard sps easy coralsand beautiful, you can take a look at the Stylophora pistillata card.