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Goniopora: card, power supplyand care in the aquarium. What to do if it does not open and types of goniopora.
Theswellingare hard corals along polyp. The color varies a lot from species to species, going around dealers and breeders it is possible to come across onegoniopora green, red, pink… Even if the most common have shades and shades in brown. Theswellingmost sought after are those that present acombination of colors.
Goniopora in the aquarium
Many find thishard coral lpsvery difficult to keep in the aquarium. The average life span in the aquarium often does not exceed a year, however many hobbyists have managed to maintainswellingeven for several years or even reproduce them in captivity!
Because it is difficult to keep onegoniopora in the aquarium? Why theswellinghave special nutritional needs and meeting them in a community aquarium becomes quite difficult. Satisfying the nutritional needs of a goniopora would mean creating a hostile environment in the aquarium for other lps corals. For this reason, theswellingparadoxically, despite beinghard corals lps, are best found in aquariums with soft corals is anemones.
Theregoniopora in the aquariumit should be placed in the lower part because it prefers a medium-low light and they seem to prefer fluorescent light rather than metal halide lamps.
The swelling in the aquariumthey should not be placed near the movement pumps because they want a gentle current (delicate water movement).
If you have decided to introduce agoniopora in the aquarium, then you must know that yours will be a great challenge! Read thegoniopora cardto understand its needs and adapt your tank to its life cycle.
Origins: Pacific Ocean.It is widespread almost everywhere
Habitat: lives in protected lagoons in very turbid or gravelly waters. Theregonioporafind yourshabitatnatural even in lagoon ponds, muddy bottoms, areas where the current tends to accumulate sediments and rubble from other corals, areas with a high planktonic concentration, so much so that the plankton numb the water. They live at depths between 2 and 30 meters, which is why they can adapt to the light conditions of the tank but less to the water conditions (the water in your aquarium is poor).
Description: the body is given by a hard, generally rounded and extremely porous skeleton. Long tubular or stem-shaped polyps protrude from the skeleton (as in the species Goniopora djiboutiensis, often calledpink gonioporabecause its predominant color ranges from beige to pink). In some specimens the length of the polyps can exceed 30 cm! Theregoniopora stokesiit is among the most common on the market, it can be found in the colorspink, yellow, green, cream or brown.
Theregonioporait is a photosynthetic coral but despite this, in the aquarium, it is unable to meet all its nutritional needs through photosynthesis.
Theregonioporait is delicate and in the aquarium it should be kept at a distance from any other coral, even those which are generally considered harmless.
These are filtering and photosynthetic corals that in nature live in bottoms rich in nourishment and with medium-low lights.
In the aquarium it is difficult to administer high doses of plankton or better, you can do it as long as you have an excellent skimmer. Essential rule to be able to keep onegoniopora in the aquariumis to feed it frequently. With the skimmer off, add a mixture of zooplankton and phytoplankton in your aquarium, it would be even better to administer it near thegonioporausing a syringe. Wait 15 minutes and reactivate the skimmer.
The skimmer will allow you to manage the high protein loads added by administering the foods required by this particular coral. Several times, in my articles (seebacterial patina in the aquarium) I explained to you that with a marine aquarium it is possible to save on everything ... except for skimmer and lights! The skimmer must be oversized so as to allow you to often add the foods useful for the sustenance of corals.
Which coral food to choose? A good solution to avoid overloading the aquarium is the Red Sea Energy Reef mixture. If you have already bought coral food you will notice a marked difference in terms of texture and smell (this does not smell, it should still be kept in the fridge). To get an idea where to find it and how much it costs, I refer you to "this Amazon page".
These are two compounds "A and B". Instead of alternating them as the manufacturer recommends, I suggest you mix them together and administer them simultaneously.
Goniopora: classification and taxonomy
In nature thegonioporait forms colonies where several specimens come together with each other.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Cnidaria
- Subclass: hexacorallia
- Order: Scleractinia
- Family: Portitidae
- Genus: Goniopora
Goniopora does not open
What to do if thegoniopora remains closed and does not open? If the swelling is closed and swollen, it is normal, it means that it is completing its digestive processes.
Theregoniopora does not openwhen there is not enough light - so it tends to open during the day, when the intensity of your lamp increases and tends to close at dusk - and when it is stressed.
What to do?
- Don't handle the coral too much!
- Avoid keeping her close to other corals and give her space to evert her polyps.
- Categorically it must stay away from anemones, euphyllie and other stinging corals.
- Avoid holding thegonioporain the presence of a clown fish. The reason? Clownfish can annoy goniopora by trying to trigger an impossible symbiosis for the coral.
- Fish of the gobiodon genus can also cause goniopora problems.
- Never take the goniopora out of the water when its tentacles are protruded as the weight of gravity can damage the tentacles and tear its soft tissues.
What to do to get a goniopora to open?
- Try feeding coral food with a syringe, right next to the coral with the skimmer turned off.
- If the goniopora hasn't opened for several days, you can use a transparent bell-shaped container to cover the goniopora and trap the food inside.
- Iron and manganese should be added trace elements to your aquarium.
- Avoid all the stressors listed above.
Goniopora: maintenance card
- Feeding: photosynthesis and filtration in waters very loaded with dissolved organic matter
- Acclimatization time: 30 minutes
- Calcium: 380 - 430 mg / l
- Alkalinity: 2.5 - 3.0 meq / l (in practice it needs a kh between 7 and 8.4).
- Phosphate: <0.05 mg / lt
- Nitrates: has a good tolerance to nitrates
- Strontium: 8 - 10 mg / lt
- Ideal temperatures: 25 - 28 ° C
- Water movement: moderate - soft
- Salinity: 1.023 - 1.025
- pH: 8 - 8.4
- Monitoring: add and monitor traces of elements such as iodine, manganese and iron.
In the photo above, one pink goniopora that has been thriving in my tank for over a year. For more photos of my reef aquariums you can follow me on my Instagram profile where I periodically post updates on my marine aquariums.