How to grow Saintpaulia at home: what to do if the saintpaulia does not bloom, care, fertilizer and instructions for the cultivation of the plant (reproduction, exposure, irrigation ...).
Those like thatSaintpauliaare among theornamental plantsmost common, they are grown mainly at home. Its common name isAfrican violet, it was called so even if there is no botanical link with the genusViolet.
Grow saintpaulia indoors
It is a very popular plant for its beauty and its ease ofcultivation. Does not requirecaredetails and producesflowersabandoned. Thereflowering of saintpauliait is very durable and can be just as colorful. On the market there are hybrids withflowerswhite, pink, purple, blue, fuchsia… in short, saintpaulia can be of many colors, so as to allow you to create very suggestive chromatic planters at home.
ThereSaintpaulia ionhathait is the most popular hybrid. Regardless of the variety, the care to be given to the plant is the same.
Saintpaulia, care of the plant
First of all you need to pay attention to irrigation: they must not be too frequent!
Wet the soil and wait for the substrate to dry between one irrigation and the next. When irrigating the plant, it is better not to wet the leaves and flowers but to administer the water directly on the substrate.
Another precaution for irrigation: try not to use tap water if it is extremely hard (limestone). If the water in your area is very calcareous, try to irrigate the plant with distilled water, maybe if you don't want to buy it, you can get that from the conditioner.
Reproduction is simple. ThereAfrican violetyou canmultiply by cuttings foliar. How you do it?
You just have to take a healthy leaf, cut the petiole at the base and root it in water or in a soft and moist soil. If the reproduction is done indoors, where the air is very dry, you can spray it to maintain a higher humidity level. You can also help yourself with a transparent plastic bag to create a small greenhouse.
When thecutting of Saintpauliawill have hunted roots, the cutting will produce an entire plant starting from the base of the cut stalk. Fromcuttingtoflowering, the plant will take about eight months.
The right time for the cutting? It falls in the spring.
The plant becomes susceptible to fungal diseases when the soil is kept too wet. In fact, humidity increases the risk of contracting fungi, including root rot. Those responsible for root rot are the parasites Fusarium, Thielaviopsis basicola and Phytium, the first symptom you will notice are brown spots on the leaves that expand.
If the plant is attacked by gray mold, the culprit could be Botrytis cinerea (botrytis), which must be treated with copper-based products such as DIY Bordeaux mixture.
When kept at home, it needs good air circulation: ensure constant and daily air changes to the environment.
Saintpaulia does not bloom
THEflowers of the African violetthey are very delicate but, despite this, thefloweringit is abundant and lasting because the new onesflowersthat are formed quickly replace the old faded ones.
THEflowersthey usually have five petals, it is important to point out that when you buy oneAfrican violet, even the same hybridsaintpaulia ionantha, this is not said that the next flowering will giveflowersthe same color as when it was bought. The color of the flowers and sometimes even the shape can change: not all purchased hybrids maintain the same characteristics over time when they bloom. In short, if theAfrican violetit makes flowers smaller or of a different color than when you bought it, it can be completely normal. If thesaintpaulia does not bloom, instead, there is something wrong withcarethat you dedicate to the plant.
If you have just done a repotting, the stressed plant may notto flourish. For this reason it is recommended to always repot in periods far from flowering.
Does the plant get a lot of light? Theresaintpauliait wants bright exposure but does not want direct sun, especially in summer. The ideal temperature is between 18 and 25 ° C and with temperatures around 15 ° C, however, it will struggle to produceflowers.
If yourssaintpaulia does not make flowers, also examine the soil. It wants a soil rich in microelements (soil for flowering plants) and, if necessary, fertilized with a fertilizer rich in potassium.
If the plant has not undergone stress (neither water, nor with repotting), it does not have diseases, is placed at a good temperature and receives a good amount of light ... the problem lies in the soil. Generally it is recommended to fertilize at least twice a year, in spring and late summer.
Use a fertilizer for flowering plants, even better if of vegetable origin. Among the various fertilizers on the market, I point out the liquid fertilizer "Nutri One" which has a very versatile formulation so as to satisfy almost all flowering plants (except for acidophilic plants such as hydrangeas and azaleas). The fertilizer mentioned can be purchased “on this Amazon page” at a price of 14 euros with free shipping costs. If you already have fertilizer for flowering plants at home, use that too! Avoid, however, the use of universal fertilizers because they are too rich in nitrogen (so they stimulate the production of green tissues to the detriment of flowering ... So even a wrong fertilizer could be the cause of aAfrican violet without flowers).