Phlox, cultivation and care. Varieties available, photos and instructions on how to grow phloxes.
The genrePhloxit consists of about sixty species of herbaceous plants (including ground cover), annual and perennial. There is no shortage of rustic and semi-rustic species.
The genus Phlox belongs to the family ofPolemoniaceae. Among the most popular Phlox species there is undoubtedly thephlox paniculata.
The plant reaches a maximum height of 100 cm. It can be grown from north to south (it is resistant to cold and heat) and offers abundant blooms. The flowering of thePhlox Paniculataruns from the end of June until September.
There are more than 100 varieties with flowers of the most varied shapes and colors. There is no lack of phlox with mottled flowers, double flowers, single flowers or more typically collected in oval inflorescences. For its abundant blooms (and also for the shape of its colorful flowers), the phlox paniculata plant it can be considered an excellent alternative to hydrangea. In the photos on this page, you can see several varieties of phlox paniculata.
The leaves are typicallylanceolate, 4-5 cm long. Generally the leaves are green but there are varieties with variegated ornamental leaves of creamy white.
The inflorescences of the phlox, due to their shape, resemble those of hydrangeas. In some varieties, the inflorescences manage to reach a length of more than 20 cm.
How to grow phlox
It's not aboutplantslarge, so they can also be adapted to smaller gardens. It is possible to grow more varieties in order to obtain colorful garden corners. Late flowering and early flowering varieties can also be grown to produce scalar flower production.
THEphloxthey do not require detailscare. Just provide it with the right soil and the right exposure to have abundant colorful blooms, summer after summer.
The soil must be well worked and, on the bottom, it will be convenient to bury some well-mature manure so as to guarantee the cultivation a good source of organic nitrogen and nutrients. Alternatively, compost-rich potting soil can be used.
Where and when to plant phloxes
If the flowering period is from late June to early September, the good time for planting phlox falls in autumn.
These perennials prefer very bright locations although, to make the flowers last longer, it would be better to place them in partially shaded areas.
How to plant phloxes? Burying the roots up to the collar and maintaining a distance between the plants of 40 cm.
Phlox, cultivation and care
THEPhlox paniculatathey are very resistant to cold, so unlike hydrangeas, they do not need any protection even for those who grow in the north. In winter they do not need any care. The first attention will have to arrive in spring: it is in this period that it would be better to administer a first fertilization.
Starting from May, every 15 days, administer a ternary product with a high potassium content. Alternatively, you can administer a slow release fertilizer to be spread at the base of the individual plants from the month of April. Use granular fertilizers at minimal doses. If not indicated on the package, give one tablespoon of fertilizer for each plant.
During the summer, the plant needs a lot of water. A water deficit could prevent or minimize flowering. To stimulate flowering, always remove the withered inflorescences so that the plant can emit new shoots. Beware though! Avoid this practice in the first years of cultivation because when the phlox becomes stronger and matures, it can provide more abundant blooms.
The hardy varieties are the most resistant, however, some varieties can be vulnerable to fungal diseases especially the white sickness. If you have already had problems with white pain in the garden, it is better to carry out preventive treatments on phlox with copper-based products.
For the prevention of diseases, favor air circulation and intervene with products such as the verdigris antifungal.