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It is easy to keep your balcony and your garden blooming and luxuriant during spring and summer, but when autumn comes, there are few courageous souls who persist in their intentions and continue to cultivate hopes and plants. If you choose the right ones, however, it's easier, and by right I mean the autumn plants to grow like the Pernezia of Chile, the protagonist of this article. Don't think of it as a fallback because it produces beautiful flowers and looks interesting, it's not too difficult to grow either. It is worth trying to buy a pair and brave the September weather.
Pernezia of Chile: general characteristics
Native to Central and South America, this genus includes over 170 species that can be both deciduous and evergreen. They have the appearance of small shrubs, in most cases, with some exceptions, they do not exceed 80 centimeters in height and there are some varieties, considered "dwarf", which even stop at 30. In any case, the Pernezia of Chile forms a round pompom, has very dense branches.
The leaves are usually of a nice size bright green, small but of considerable consistency, have a certain thickness and are resistant. The flowers are white and not too large, always in proportion to the plant and its branches, and in autumn also the fruits which remain until the following spring so that the plant is never bare and skeletal. They are red in most of the species but we can also find white or pinkish ones, they have one rounded shape and a maximum diameter of 2 centimeters.
Being a dioecious plant, the Pernezia of Chile has specimens with only male flowers and specimens with only female flowers. The former do not produce fruit, the latter do. As always, to get a good amount of fruit and generous bushes, it is essential to plant at least one male specimen close to the female plants.
Pernezia of Chile: cures
To take care of these plants it is necessary to respect some conditions that are not too difficult. They are not demanding plants and I am sure you will have no problem growing them on your balconies. Let's start placing them where they can get a lot of sun or in a semi-shaded location so that they can receive sunlight for several hours a day. If we live in an area where autumn leads to very low temperatures, we can choose the varieties that have proved to be more resistant, such as the Pernezia Mucronata which is able, together with the Gaultheria, to face with its head held high even periods of winter frost if not too rigid.
The best soil for these plants is that fresh and soft, low in limestone, a little acid and well drained.
Depending on the month, we need to water ours Pernezia of Chile in a different way. In the summer, so from early spring to early autumn, it is important to check the soil and wet the plant only when it is completely dry so that stagnations do not form which can favor the formation of dangerous molds. In autumn and winter it is not even necessary to wet them. We remain attentive to the soil and the degree of humidity because it may be necessary to intervene if the season does not give too much rain. The fertilizer must be used only during the vegetative period, once every three weeks, mixed with the water used for irrigation.
Pernezia of Chile: multiplication
Plants like the Pernezia of Chile they must be multiplied by cuttings. In case we want to proceed firsthand, the right time is the end of summer, the month of September. We must equip ourselves to take the semi-woody cuttings with a foot of maximum 10 cm and then put them to root in a mix of soil and sand. Treating them with a rooting hormone can help. The professionals who carry out a selection of the species of this plant proceed with the reproduction by seed in October in a cold box and sow in non-calcareous compost.
Pernezia of Chile: diseases
Although rustic and resistant, to the cold as well as to attacks by parasites, the Pernezia he may still have health problems. In most cases it is necessary to intervene to save her from root rot. Symptoms usually consist of a sudden collapse followed by leaf loss.