Sunflower: cultivation and care

Sunflower: cultivation and care

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Sunflower: cultivationand care to devote to plants. Effective strategies for obtaining beautiful flowers and lots of seeds.

The history of sunflower cultivation

Sunflowers were growing as early as 3000 BC, there are archaeological finds that testify their presence in the Great Plains of the areas southwest of the Mississippi River. In Europe, sunflowers only arrived around 1700, so for us on the old continent it is oneplantrelativelynew.

For centuries isunflowersthey played a fundamental role in the agricultural sector: they were cultivated as a source ofseeds, oil and fiber. Today thecultivationof sunflowers is also performed for the production of biodiesel and ... for ornamental purposes!

The large fields of sunflowers may evoke a rural area, however thesunflower cultivationit is also possible in the garden: large plains are not needed, small flower beds are enough!

Sunflower: cultivation

THEsunflowersthey grow best in places well exposed to the sun. If you are looking for flowers to grow in full sun and that for the cultivation need little care, you've done bingo! Once grown, in fact, thesunflower plantsthey can tolerate drought well.

Just think of the formersunflower cropshave been set up in arid regions: they are so easy tocultivatethat if the soil allows it, after the first “forced” cultivation you will notice that isunflowers they can thrive in full autonomy by growing as wild plants in other areas of the countryside. When the seeds ripen, the wind will take its course: the seeds, with favorable climatic and soil conditions, will be able to germinate and re-propose other plants!

Insunflower cultivationyou have to keep in mind some factors, especially if you want growing sunflowers in the vegetable garden. The leaves, stems and stem of the plant emit substances that can inhibit the growth of some plants. For this reason, you can grow a potted sunflowerin an isolated way, or dedicate a flower bed to sunflowers avoiding mixed flower beds.

Which plants should not be placed side by side with onesunflower cultivation?Especially potatoes, beans and green beans.

Sowing sunflower

When the danger of late frosts is behind us, it is possible to continue with thesunflower sowing. It is true, it is possiblegrow a potted sunflowerbut it is simpler and more practical to continue sowing in the open field (provided you have enough space).

Wait until at least 2 weeks have passed since the last spring frost and then sow the sunflowers. This means that the best time to sow sunflowers depends on the weather. In the 2019 season, for example, it was appropriate to wait until the period between the end of May and the beginning of June to sow sunflowers in Southern Italy too!

You can sow the sunflower from late spring to early summer.

During the period from sowing to the development of the first sprout, the soil must be kept moist.

Under favorable conditions, the time needed to produce well-developed shoots is three weeks. If conditions are ideal, this time drops to about 10 days!

Growing a sunflower: from sowing to flowering

How long does it take between sowing the sunflower and developing the flower? This usually depends on the variety and growing conditions. On average, it ranges from 80 to 120 days.

If you want to always havesunflowers flowersavailable, sow a new row two weeks after the last sunflower sowing. In this way, you will be able to enjoy ever new and continuous blooms. The sunflowers will stop blooming in autumn, with the arrival of the first morning frosts.

Potted sunflower

Prepare a pot with a diameter of 20 cm and follow the instructions in the paragraphhow to grow a sunflower in a pot of the article: potted sunflower.

The substantial difference between thesunflower cultivationin the open field and thesunflower cultivation in potslies in irrigation: once adult, the sunflower plant in the open field resists drought and does not require further irrigation. On the contrary, thesunflower in potneed for irrigation even when well developed and during flowering.

Sunflower seed to grow

If you intend to grow sunflowers in abundance, you can purchase sachets of seeds suitable for cultivation. A sachet of sunflower seeds to plant can be bought on Amazon at a price of € 6.40 with free shipping. For all product information you can visit the "Amazon official page"Dedicated to the seeds ofhelianthus annuus(sunflower).

Please note: if you likegrow a sunflower single, you can buy plants already developed both on Amazon and at specialized nurseries.

Video: The EASY Way to Plant Rows of SUNFLOWERS! (May 2022).